Home > The Complex Nature of Abused Substances and Getting Help for Addiction > Adderall Addiction
Adderall is a stimulant-prescription medication that is prescribed to children and adults to treat attention deficit disorders. It is available in two forms: instant release and extended release. Both forms are believed to work on the brain by increasing dopamine and nonrepinephrine levels. Adderall is a commonly abused drug because it increases energy, concentration and alertness. It is also used to keep people awake for extended periods or to lose weight. The drug is often used by school and college students to increase energy and focus and to help them stay awake for extended periods of time to study.
Many of those who abuse Adderall are not aware of the incredibly high rate of addiction that is associated with the drug. Most people believe that because the drug is a prescription medication, it is safe to consume and combine with other drugs, but this is not the case. Regular use of Adderall can lead to addiction. The drug is often taken in combination with strong coffee, over the counter medications such as cold and flu medicines and alcohol. These combinations can have negative consequences for a person’s health and may increase the risk of having a negative reaction to a drug. Any prescription medication should be used only as prescribed by a medical doctor or as directed by a pharmacist. Abusing these types of drugs can prove fatal.
Adderall is a drug that is often used by students for the effects that it can have such as an increase in focus and attention. Students who use this type of drug often are already struggling with their life of being a student, which can include extended periods of study, exams work and socializing. By having poor life management skills and an inability to prioritize their life, a person can quickly become weighed down by the demands of being a student. And this is the time when they are at most risk of developing an addiction to Adderall. Adderall has been found to increase attention and focus in people who suffer from attention disorders, and these effects can be beneficial for those who don’t suffer from the disorder. However, as the drug is rarely prescribed to those who abuse it, the effects can be erratic, severe and manic. In some cases, Adderall can also cause serious lifestyle and health problems.
An article in the New Yorker explored the life of a successful and dedicated student who takes Adderall as an enhancer and booster for their studies. The article goes into detail about the amount of students who take the substance, the benefits of taking such a drug and the culture of stimulants and study. The students who were interviewed for the report also made note of the negative effects of the drugs and the pedestal that the drug is often placed on. Adderall can boost attention, but it doesn’t always do so in the desired way. For example, a person may take Adderall and become obsessed with cleaning their house and spend hours scrubbing their home for hours rather than focusing on cramming for the next exam. It can also affect a person’s ability to sleep, and they may find themselves awake for days at a time. This can have disastrous consequences. Some report an inability to concentrate in group situations and find it difficult to communicate with others.
Common side effects of the drug include decreased appetite, sleeplessness, lack of concentration, increased heart rate, anxiety, paranoia, mania, stomach and digestive problems, nausea and headaches. It may also cause harm in people who suffer from heart conditions or are at risk of high blood pressure. Individuals who have a history of seizures or convulsions should avoid taking this medication without medical supervision.
Adderall has also been found to have negative interactions with alcohol, anti-depressants and other medication. It may also cause adverse reactions when taken in too high doses, when used with other stimulant drugs including caffeine. Some users have reported significant weight loss with the drug and aggression in long term users is common. This is especially apparent in those who have been using or abusing the medication for a long time and abruptly cease taking it. Withdrawals from Adderall are common.
Cognitive enhancement is a term that refers to drugs like Adderall that have been found to improve productivity, concentration and focus. This stimulant enhances a person’s ability to solve problems, focus attention on detail, perform difficult and comprehensive tasks and achieve better results. This makes Adderall a popular drug among business workers and students, alike. Studies suggest that those who take stimulants will perform above their average and for longer working hours. They can be harder working, more productive and more energetic.
Some advocates believe that this type of drugs have a place in society and should be made widely available because of the benefits of them. When they compare Adderall with more traditional forms of motivation, exercise therapy, workplace improvements and organization techniques, the drug proved to be more effective and faster. However, questions arise around the fairness of using these drugs and the advantage that users can achieve over those who do not use the drug, especially in a university environment. Should a student who has taken a drug for performance-enhancing purposes be allowed to have an advantage over the student who has not taken a substance? Some critics believe that this disadvantage means that there should be strict testing of students for amphetamines, especially in top universities.
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